He most cogently articulated this idea in “The Significance of the Frontier in American History,” which he first delivered to a gathering of historians in at Chicago, then the site of the World’s Columbian Exposition, an enormous fair to mark the four-hundredth anniversary of Columbus’ voyage. On a more analytic level, an increasing number of Western historians have found the very concept of a frontier dubious, because it applies to too many disparate places and times to be useful. There was no landed gentry who controlled most of the land and charged heavy rents and fees. But even within Western and frontier history, a growing body of historians has contested Turner’s approach. Limerick points out that Kennedy assumed that “the campaigns of the Old Frontier had been successful, and morally justified. The frontier had no need for standing armies, established churches, aristocrats or nobles. Turner never published a major book on the frontier for which he did 40 years of research.

Turner’s contribution to American history was to argue that the frontier past best explained the distinctive history of the United States. Each side, the Westerners and the native savages, struggled for mastery of the land through violence. Works by, Frederick Jackson Turner. Religious institutions from the eastern seaboard, in particular, battled for possession of the West. If we can reach and cross this frontier, our generations will have furnished a significant milestone in human history.

Cooperation and communities of various sorts, not isolated individuals, made possible the absorption of the West into the United States.

This site uses cookies. Retrieved 20 April He elaborates by stating. A Criticism of the Turner Theory”.

Frontier Thesis – Wikipedia

In our understanding of what we are as a nation, if on no other level, the Western past continues to define us today. You are commenting using your Facebook account. I decided to publish my write-ups from my comprehensive exam reading fields.


Owram, The Canadian Encyclopedias.

what was the message of frederick jackson turners frontier thesis

This is the frontier—the America—we have set ourselves to reclaim. Essays and Miscellany First ed.

Frontier Thesis

tueners Yen, “Western Frontier or Feudal Society: The frontier, they argued, shaped uniquely American institutions such as revivals, camp meetings, and itinerant preaching. His critics have denied everything from his basic assumptions to the small details of his argument.

Theodore Roosevelt’s Myth of the Frontier”. Of course it was not viewed as myth by individuals at the time, and is still pulsing through the American conscious, though weakened, today.

Other historians, who wanted to focus scholarship on minorities, especially Native Americans and Hispanics, started in the s to criticize the frontier thesis because it did not attempt whhat explain the evolution of those groups. Looking backward, thinking ahead, careening toward the next millennium,” American Sociologist27 1 pp. Census of had officially stated that the American frontier had broken up.

Comps Notes: Frederick Jackson Turner’s “The Significance of the Frontier in American History”

Furthermore, there is a need to escape the confines of the State. The bison herd still lives on the grounds of Fermilab. He won wide acclaim among historians and intellectuals. Corporate investors headquartered in New York laid the railroads; government troops defeated Indian nations who refused to get out of the way of manifest destiny; even the cowboys, enshrined in popular mythology as rugged loners, were generally low-level employees of sometimes foreign-owned cattle corporations.

If the frontier had been so essential to the development of American culture and democracy, then what would befall them as the frontier closed? Secondly, his story only accounts for those that chose an agrarian occupation, ignoring other industries such as mining. They adapted to the new physical, economic and political environment in certain ways—the cumulative effect of these adaptations was Americanization.


what was the message of frederick jackson turners frontier thesis

Wikipedia is a major presence on the electronic frontier, and the Wikipedia editors have been explicitly compared to the pioneers of Turner’s American frontier in terms of their youth, aggressiveness, boldness, equalitarianism and rejection of mexsage. Individuals, forced to rely on their own wits and strength, he believed, were simply too scornful of rank to be amenable to the exercise of centralized political power.

Frontier Thesis | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Each side, the Westerners and the native savages, struggled for mastery of the land through violence. Settling Fermilab, —,” Illinois Historical Journal 88 1 pp. It was on this forboding note that he closed his address: Micheaux promoted the West as a place where blacks could experience less institutionalized forms of racism and earn economic success through hard work and perseverance.

The more foreboding and cautionary tale which increasing numbers of Western historians have offered in place of Turner’s account has provoked sharp controversy.

Article published February 07, ; last modified December 16, Email required Address never made public. Williams viewed the frontier concept as a tool to promote democracy through both world wars, to endorse spending on foreign aid, and motivate action against totalitarianism. Europeans had long been trapped in the suffocating confines of the final stage, which had caused corruption and staleness both in Teh and in the eastern United States, where European traditions had continued to reign.