One contributing factor is that the authoritarian reaction is strongest under conditions of insecurity. Thank you for your feedback. One section covers intergenerational value change in economically advanced and low-income societies. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Thank You for Your Contribution!

The relationship between material conditions and value priorities is not one of immediate adjustment. International data from the World Values Survey show the highest percentage of postmaterialists in Australia 35 per cent followed by Austria 30 per cent , Canada 29 per cent , Italy 28 per cent , Argentina 25 per cent , United States 25 per cent , Sweden 22 per cent , Netherlands 22 per cent , Puerto Rico 22 per cent etc. Observing that the younger people were much more likely to embrace postmaterialist values, Inglehart speculated that this silent revolution was not merely a case of a life-cycle change, with people becoming more materialist as they aged, but a genuine example of generational replacement causing intergenerational value change. The word materialism has been used in modern times to refer to a family of…. Please try again later.

Politics Urban Studies U. In some way postmaterialism may be described as super-materialism.

Search within my subject: Beliefs, Attitudes and Values. From to the share of “pure post-materialists” increased from 13 to 31 per cent in West Germany.

Postmaterialism | philosophy |

Pkstmaterialism users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription. On the other hand, cohorts who have experienced sustained high material affluence start to give high priority to tehsis such as individual improvement, personal freedomcitizen input in government decisions, the ideal of a society based on humanismand maintaining a clean and healthy environment.


This article discusses the postmaterialist values, as well as the shift from survival to self-expression.

inglehart postmaterialism thesis

Postmaterialism itself is only one aspect of a still broader process of cultural change that has reshaped the political outlook, religious orientations, gender roles, and sexual mores of advanced industrial society.

The relationship between material conditions and value priorities is not one of immediate adjustment. There was a problem with your submission.

Postmodern orientations place less emphasis on traditional cultural norms, especially those that limit individual self-expression. History at your fingertips. By the turn of the 21st century, however, materialists and postmaterialists had thexis equally numerous in many Western countries.

inglehart postmaterialism thesis

Old Cleavages and New Political Conflicts”. German General Social Survey. Postmodernismin Western philosophy, a late 20th-century movement characterized by broad skepticism, subjectivism, or relativism; a general suspicion of reason; and an acute sensitivity to the role of ideology in asserting and maintaining political and economic power.


More About Postmaterialism 1 reference found in Britannica articles Assorted References opinion research In public opinion: Please try again later. A second referent is the materialist conception of history held by many socialistsmost notably Karl Marx and Friedrich Engelsas well as their philosophic concept of dialectical materialism.

A classic hypothetical example serves to differentiate the term authority from other…. Deference to authority has high costs, as individuals must subordinate their personal goals to those of a broader entity; under conditions of insecurity, however, people are more than willing to do so. One contributing factor is that the authoritarian reaction is strongest under conditions of insecurity.


inglehart postmaterialism thesis

Keep Exploring Britannica Inglenart. Sign in to annotate. Until the s, it was nearly universal for individuals to prioritize so-called materialist values such as economic growth and maintaining order; on the other hand, postmaterialists give top priority to such goals as environmental protection, freedom of speechand gender equality.

This article concludes that intergenerational value changes actually reflect historic changes in a society’s existential conditions. Pappi, Franz Urban; Terwey, Michael Conversely, conditions of prosperity and security are postmaerialism to tolerance of diversity in general and democracy in particular.

This helps explain a long-established finding: Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.

By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code. Researchers have found that more recently born age cohorts tend to emphasize postmaterialist goals to a far greater extent than older cohorts, seemingly reflecting generational change rather than simple aging effects.

Journal of Happiness Studies. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.